The performance review is an aspect of work-life that strikes fear into the heart of many. From an employee standpoint, it can lead to sleepless nights wondering about how their appraisal will go.
From a manager’s standpoint, the performance review is also stressful in a different way – trying to figure out what to say, how to lay it out, and where to go with it.
Yet, we cannot ignore conducting a performance appraisal. There’s plenty of value to be gained from them when approached properly.
From an employee’s standpoint, the employee performance review gives them time on their end to discuss what has been going right, or what’s been going wrong.
From a management standpoint, a well-crafted performance appraisal will allow you to give a performance evaluation on the strengths and weaknesses in regards to an employee’s performance, and where they can improve.
An employee performance review can also create better connection and rapport between an employee and a manager. It can bring things to the forefront that have been ignored or lingered. It helps in performance management, and gives employees direction in where they need to be going, along with self evaluation.
In the longer term, performance reviews can increase employee engagement and can lead to an uptick in an employee’s performance.
In this article, we’ll go over the performance review, its challenges, and some examples of what you can use to create an effective employee evaluation.
“While 94 percent of executives are confident that employees are satisfied with their company’s performance review process, the reality is most employees feel the process is outdated (61 percent) because it’s too generic (22 percent) or too infrequent (6 percent), and often incomplete (62 percent).”
Performance Reviews Are Too Infrequent
Want to make each performance appraisal less of an ordeal? Conduct them more often.
There are many benefits to moving away from the annual performance review and towards more frequent performance reviews.
Conducting one each quarter can be a good framework to start with. With conducting performance reviews on a more frequent basis, you are far less likely to have aspects of employee performance fall through the cracks.
Nearly half of employees don’t feel comfortable raising issues with their boss between formal performance reviews, but nearly three-quarters say they’d be more proactive in raising issues or concerns if they received more frequent feedback.
A year can be a long time for things to build up, and notable areas of performance can be forgotten or overlooked if they have to wait until the annual performance review.
There’s a reason that a number of organizations have moved away from the annual performance review to a more frequent cadence. At the very least, try for one per quarter. I’ve written more about this in my post on how to optimize your performance management.
Preparing and Conducting An Effective Performance Review
Before you begin having these performance conversations with an employee, you want to come in with something beforehand to make the performance review process smooth.
However, be aware that you don’t need to stick to the script 100% if something interesting arises during the employee review. The employee that you are conducting the review with will likely bring up something interesting that will lead you off piste. These kinds of performance review comments are worth their weight in gold, and you want to explore further when they come up.
Don’t Make Them A One Sided Conversation
When it comes to employee evaluation, it’s easy to think that it’s going to be a one-sided conversation. You as the manager will do all the talking while the employee listens.
This is something that you do not want to be doing. Effective performance management can only be reached if you’re open to listen and obtain feedback from the employee that you are doing the review process with.
By giving constructive feedback, and having an open conversation, the appraisal process will give great insights on both sides of the table. You just have to be ready to listen.
Honesty Is The Best Policy
One of the worst things that you can do in an employee performance review is tip toe around issues in regards to performance feedback.
For example, if you have an employee that is not performing well in certain areas and you don’t address it you’re doing them, yourself, and their team a great disservice. They’ll have little reason to improve their performance when they’re not given feedback that they should be getting during the performance conversation.
It’s easy for barriers to exist between managers and an employee in regards to communication and transparency. It’s human nature, and frequently requires a conscious effort to address.
One of the best ways to express your honesty during an employee performance evaluation is thinking about how you would like to receive feedback. It’s a twist of the golden rule – treat others as how you would like to be treated. Take a moment to step back and, again, walk a mile in their shoes.
To be clear, you don’t need to be brutally honest in your feedback on their overall performance that, while it might be truthful, has them leaving the room in floods of tears. You have to find the right balance when it comes to constructive criticism.
Some employees in the performance review conversation may prefer you to be more blunt, while others will need some easing in. We’re all different when it comes to that.
Regardless of what you do, always ensure that you end things on a positive note. You want them to leave the conversation feeling inspired and appreciated, and with a clear roadmap of where they can improve.
Details, Details, Details
When you’re giving feedback, you don’t want to be vague. You don’t want to be sweeping broad strokes and just talking in analogies.
You need to give concrete examples during the performance conversation. Perhaps there was something they did on a project last month that you want to bring up. Maybe they got a project back on schedule, or had a cause in things falling behind.
The more concrete examples you can give to back up your constructive criticism, the better.
This is why it’s better to conduct performance reviews on a more frequent basis. That way you can use examples whilst they’re fresh and the details are still clear.
Make Use Of Available Tools
There are plenty of tools available to help while conducting performance reviews. Why not make use of them? They help make everyone’s lives easier.
There is no one-size-fits all tool when it comes to the performance review. What tool you choose will depend on your organization, your working style, and how you go about conducting performance reviews.
Let’s now get into some review phrases you can make use of.
To begin with, you want to start off with categories to cover during the performance review. This is by no means a definitive list – feel free to pick and choose, and add in what you want, but to get a start, consider the following:
Quality of Work
With each of these, you can then create specific performance appraisal phrases. You don’t want to be vague. As mentioned earlier, bringing up examples to help justify each choice will generate much better feedback rather than vague phrases like “they are a team player”.
KPIs and metrics are also a performance review phrase that you will want to make use of. For example, if someone is in sales, you can outline in their Quality of Work how much they were able to meet these metrics.
That said, you don’t want to only have all data in their reviews. You want to use it to justify the reasoning for their overall performance. You should make use of them in combination with examples to justify your decision in the review phrases that you use.
What are some examples of some performance review phrases you can use from the four listed above?
1. Problem Solving
Displays the ability to come up with different solutions and look at problems outside the box.
Displays the ability to clarify their reasoning for tackling problems.
Consistent communication with their peers, team, and managers.
Demonstrates ability to admit mistakes made to others.
4. Quality of Work
Demonstrates a consistent and high-quality level of work on projects.
These are a few phrases to help you get started. Remember that for each one, the more you can justify it with prior examples, KPIs, and metrics, the better.
Next Steps For Your Performance Reviews
Now that we’ve gone over challenges in the performance review, how to prepare and conduct an effective one, and performance management phrases to make use of, where should you go from here?
Firstly taking stock of the frequency of your current performance appraisal process – perhaps you still conduct them on a yearly basis.
Review how detailed you are getting in the performance review process. Don’t only use numbers and stats, but don’t be vague with the reasoning behind the performance feedback you are giving.
Think about the areas you want to cover in the performance review, and what review phrases that you want to make use of. Again, don’t be vague – always justify the reasoning behind it.
Want more information on how to create better performance reviews for your organization? Read our following articles: